6 food preservation techniques you can try at home

Being a foodie has its pros and cons; while the benefits are innumerable, the downsides primarily include food waste. Yes, you heard right! It must have happened at least once when you had tons of leftovers and didn’t know what to do with them. Keeping them is the best way to go about it, of course!

Food preservation, in simple terms, is the technique of storing food in such a way that it remains fit for consumption for longer periods of time. These techniques ensure the prevention of bacterial growth and the slowing down of food oxidation. In short, food preservation is about preventing foods from going rancid.

In today’s world of DIY, less waste, reusing items, etc., it’s only right that the food you eat gets the same treatment too. Food safety is important, yes, but food preservation is also extremely important; The sooner we understand this, the better for us.

There are several techniques you can use to preserve food. Some are as old as time, like pickling; meanwhile, there are some that are quite new, such as freeze-drying.

The technique you choose to preserve your food depends entirely on the nature of the food. You can’t pickle everything, can you? Thus, you should take care of it and choose the food preservation technique accordingly.

In this article, you will learn about different food preservation techniques. You will understand the need to store food properly and how food requires different storage conditions. But don’t worry just yet! Take a look at the food preservation techniques mentioned and explained below!

The 6 Best Food Preservation Techniques You Can Try at Home

If rancid food is a problem you face in your daily life at home, it’s time you started implementing food preservation techniques. There are different food preservation techniques, both simple to implement and effective.

Below are some of the most commonly used food preservation techniques. These techniques are explained in a simple way to make sure you choose the one that best suits your needs. Looked!

1. Stripping

The most common technique used to preserve food is pickling. The process of pickling food involves soaking it in vinegar or brine. This helps prevent bacteria from growing on the surface of the food. Pickling also gives a unique and delicious flavor to the food that many people enjoy.

Since pickled foods typically last up to over a year, be sure to do everything right for best results. To marinate a food, you will need the right ingredients and equipment to do so. It mainly depends on the recipe you use to marinate the food.

Commonly required equipment consists of jars, lids, etc., while ingredients consist of vinegar, water, salt, the food or vegetable you wish to pickle, etc.

For proper marinating of food, make sure the equipment you use is properly sterilized. Whatever recipe you use, the first step in pickling is to simmer a mixture of vinegar, salt, and water in a saucepan and then add your fruits or vegetables to the saucepan.

Although pickling is a great way to preserve foods, you may want to go this route with caution and according to your tastes, as pickled foods can be high in sodium and may not be suitable for people on low-fat diets. salt.

2. Dehydration

Dehydrating is another food preservation technique you may want to try. Dehydration is the process of removing the water content from fruits, vegetables and meats to prevent them from spoiling. Dehydrated foods are easy to store. Indeed, they require less space than fresh foods. They are also lightweight and easy to carry, perfect for camping or hiking.

An oven or dehydrator is all you need to dehydrate food. If you don’t want to use a dehydrator, you can try drying food in your oven on the lowest setting or in the sun. Even keeping food under the sun for the right time can bring out the dehydration process effectively.

Although there are other ways to dehydrate foods, using a dehydrator is the best way to dehydrate foods for preservation. Namely, the experts at dehydratedfoodz say you should look for a dehydrator with adjustable temperature settings, a timer, and an auto-off feature. Keep the same in mind and then decide which one best suits your needs!

3. Canning

Food canning is a fantastic way to preserve food and prevent it from going bad by sealing food in jars or cans. Fruits, Vegetables, Sauces – You can preserve all of these through canning! Remember that canned foods do not necessarily have an indefinite shelf life. Thus, you may need to check repeatedly whether the food is safe to eat or not.

Canning food would require you to get some supplies first. You will need mason jars or mason jars, lids, a pot of boiling water, and the foods you want to store. Boil your jars and lids in water for at least ten minutes to sterilize them. Then prepare your dish as directed in the recipe and store accordingly.

Canned foods should always be stored in a dark, cool place. In addition, canned foods should not be stored for more than a year and should be consumed within the same year.

Canned food

4. Fermentation

The fermentation process uses bacteria and yeast to extend the shelf life of foods. This technique is often used to make sauerkraut, kimchi, yogurt, etc. Fermented foods are rich in probiotics, which further help improve and maintain gut health. However, fermentation requires special equipment and conditions. If not done properly, fermentation can lead to food spoilage.

To ferment food at home, you will need a few supplies. A clean, airtight container is crucial; it can be any type of glass jar or ceramic pot. Second, you’ll need something to weigh the food down so it’s completely submerged in the mixture – an option for this would be a clean rock or a piece of parchment paper.

The last ingredient you will need would be salt and filtered water to create the brine. Once you have everything on hand, you’ll be ready to ferment your food!

5. Freezing

Freezing is a common and simplest technique for preserving food. Freezing food helps prevent bacteria from growing and causing spoilage. Frozen foods remain safe to eat for several months, although they may lose some of their flavor and nutritional value over time.

If you’re looking to freeze food at home, you’ll need a freezer-safe container handy. This can be a plastic freezer bag or a glass jar. You will also need to make sure the food is properly sealed, so that it is not exposed to air. Once the food is sealed, label it with the date so you know when it should be used.

6. Smoking

Finally, smoking is another effective food preservation technique you might want to try! Smoking helps preserve food by using low temperatures and smoke to prevent bacteria from growing. Smoked foods are good for several weeks, but they can lose some of their flavor over time, just like frozen foods.

Meats and other foods can also be smoked for preservation. Just make sure you have a big smokehouse to hold the amount of food you want to smoke. Make sure you have wood chips, pellets, and charcoal before you begin. After checking the list of everything you need to properly smoke food, follow the instructions and follow the procedure given in the smoker’s manual.


Food preservation has become an essential part of our daily lives. It helps keep food safe to eat for longer periods of time. You can use the 6 food preservation techniques mentioned above: marinating, dehydrating, canning, fermenting, freezing and smoking at home. Try them today!